Mosquitoes generally start appearing early in the summer months, and can be a severe nuisance to any outdoor activity. However, mosquitoes can be more than just a nuisance. They can also be vectors of disease, such as West Nile Virus and Eastern Equine Encephalitis. Mosquito-borne diseases cause millions of deaths worldwide every year.
Mosquitoes are small insects, and average just over 6 mm in length. Their heads contain all the sensory equipment necessary to find and feed on people and animals. Their antennae have receptors that detect the carbon dioxide emitted by humans. The head also contains the maxillary palp, which picks up the odor of human sweat. The proboscis is the long, serrated mouthpart that is used to pierce skin and suck blood. There are two tubes in the proboscis, one that injects saliva containing an anti-coagulant and painkiller, and one that draws the blood.
Because mosquitoes prefer stagnant water in which to lay their eggs, they most commonly infest wetland habitats like ponds, marshes, and swamps. But they’re capable of living in almost any environment except for extreme cold.
Mosquitoes don’t suck blood for their own nourishment. It’s used as a protein source for their eggs. Male and female mosquitoes eat nectar and other plant sugars for food.
A female mosquito only needs a few inches of water to deposit her eggs. After the eggs hatch, larvae develop quickly in things like bird baths, roof gutters, and even rain puddles. They then turn into pupae. After about four days, the adult mosquito emerges. Males find females by the sound of their wingbeats. After mating, they live three to five days. Females mate once, but continue laying eggs every time they feed on blood. They can live up to a month or two.
The Modern Solution
A complete mosquito control program not only eliminates breeding sources but also includes long-term prevention. Modern Pest Services’ Homecare Vector Program is an effective mosquito management option. Modern Pest concentrates on eliminating the source of the mosquito breeding areas. This is done by performing an in-depth inspection to identify areas of concern. An application is then applied to reduce any adult mosquito populations and prevent further reproduction. The most common mosquito breeding areas are under foliage, wooded areas, shaded, damp areas around the home, and any area where the bulk of mosquito populations rest during the day.
For more information on keeping your home mosquito-free, get a quote today or contact our local pest control specialist!